Zola (as) Jesus
The Dreyfus Affair broke out in France in 1894, when a Jewish officer in the French Army, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, was suddenly arrested and (wrongfully) accused of spying on behalf of Germany. He was quickly tried, condemned for high treason, and sent to a penitentiary on a far-flung island. After twelve years of debate and petitions, his supporters were able to reverse the decision, clear Dreyfus’s record and rehabilitate him in the army in 1906, while the real spy, Esterhazy, was discovered.
The Dreyfus case was the first case of modern anti-Semitism, i.e. racial rather than religious: Jews were accused of double allegiance, of not being trustworthy or patriotic, and of “being everywhere and belonging nowhere,” in spite of the fact that they were fully integrated citizens of Western countries such as France, served in the army, paid taxes and occupied official positions. French anti-Semites discovered that mistrust and resentment of Jews could still find a large popular consensus, even in a Republic that was home to the idea of emancipation and equal civil rights.
This incident divided French society and other European countries into two camps: politicians, journalists, artists and other citizens took sides for or against Dreyfus at a time when mass media were gaining incredible power. The main defender of Dreyfus was the French writer Emile Zola, who wrote an open letter to the President,”J’Accuse” (I Accuse), in which he stated, “Dreyfus is a victim in the hunt for the ‘dirty Jew,’ which is a disgrace in our day and age.” The Dreyfus Affair is considered to have been instrumental in shaping the modern figure of the intellectual as a writer with national stature who takes a position in current political and social matters, and whose opinion influences an ongoing debate. To this day, the Dreyfus Affair has inspired hundreds of mediations, from caricatures to serialized novels, from board games to films, from popular songs to postcards…(via MODIYA Project)
One of the postcards portrays Zola as Jesus:
And then you hear a 20-year-old girl named Nika Roza Danilova that goes by the same stage name as the title.